Calcium, Iron & Protein in a Plant-Based Diet

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It is known that a plant-based diet is rich in fiber, magnesium, and many vitamins like A, C, and E. But there is a common question asked by many and it is “does a plant-based diet contains enough Calcium, iron and protein?”. I’ll try to quickly answer it.

I will give you information about these vitamins and minerals, why you need it, how much you need it and how you can get it in a plant-based diet. 

This information is educational, and it is recommended to consult a doctor in case of deficiency. 

Sources: National Institutes of Health

CALCIUM

Why do we need it?

Calcium is a mineral that is necessary for life. In addition to building bones and keeping them healthy, calcium enables our blood to clot, our muscles to contract, and our heart to beat. About 99% of the calcium in our bodies is in our bones and teeth.

How much of it do we need? 

Babies younger than 6 months old: 200 mg per day
Babies 7 to 11 months old: 260 mg per day
Kids 1 to 3 years old: 700 mg per day.Kids 4 to 8 years old: 1,000 mg per day
Kids and teens 9 to 18 years old: 1,300 mg per day.
Men and women 19 to 50 years old: 1,000 mg per day
Women over 50: 1,200 mg per day
Men over 50: 1,000 mg per day
Men over 70: 1,200 mg per day.

Where can we find calcium in a plant-based diet? 

Fortified almond, soy, or rice milk: 300-500mg/ 8 ounces 
Collard greens, cooked: 270 mg / 1 cup
Turnip greens, steamed or boiled: 200 mg / 1 cup
Mustard greens, steamed or boiled: 160 mg / 1 cup
Bok choy, steamed or boiled: 150 mg / 1 cup
Tempeh: 120 mg / 4 ounces
Tahini: 120 mg / 2 tablespoons
Dried figs: 120 mg / 1/2 cup
Extra firm tofu: 100 mg – 150 mg / 3 ounces
Oats, instant: 100 mg / 1 serving
Kale, steamed or boiled: 100 mg / 1 cup
Shelled edamame, steamed: 100 mg / 1 cup
Silken tofu: 80 mg / 3 ounces
Blackstrap molasses: 80 mg / 1 tablespoon
Almond butter: 80 mg / 2 tablespoons
Almonds: 80 mg / 1 ounce
Orange: 70 mg / 1 cup sections
White pea beans, cooked: 65 mg / ½ cup
Broccoli, steamed or boiled: 60 mg / 1 cup
Pinto beans, cooked: 50 mg / ½ cup…


Advice: Be sure to get enough vitamin D because it helps your body absorb calcium. So if you can, enjoy the sunshine with moderation.

IRON

Why do we need it? 

Iron is a mineral. The major reason we need it is that it helps to transport oxygen throughout the body. If we are not getting sufficient oxygen in the body, we are going to become fatigued. That exhaustion can affect everything from our brain function to our immune system’s ability to fight off infections. Iron is also necessary to maintain healthy cells, skin, hair, and nails. 

How much of it do we need? 

Babies younger than 6 months old: 0.27 mg per day
Babies 7 to 12 months old: 11 mg per day
Kids 1 to 3 years old: 7 mg per day
Kids 4 to 8 years old: 10 mg per day
Kids and teens 9 to 13 years old: 8 mg per day
Male teens 14 to 18 years old: 11 mg per day
Female teens 14 to 18 years old: 15 mg per day
Pregnant women 19 to 50 years old: 27 mg per day
Breastfeeding women 19 to 50 years old: 9 mg per day
Women and men over 51 years old: 8 mg per day.

Where can you find iron in a plant-based diet?

Soybeans: 8.8 mg / 1 cup 
Tofu and tempeh: 3–3.6 mg / 6 ounces
Lentils: 6.6 mg / 1 cup
White, lima, red kidney and navy beans: 4.4–6.6 mg / 1 cup
Chickpeas and black-eyed peas: 4.6–5.2 mg / 1 cup
Pumpkin, sesame, hemp, and flaxseeds: 1.2–4.2 mg / 2 tablespoons
Tahini (a paste made from sesame seeds): 2.6 mg / ½ cup
Hummus: 3 mg / ½ cup
Almonds, cashews, pine nuts, and macadamia nuts: 1–1.6 mg / ounce
Leafy greens, such as spinach, kale, swiss chard, collard, and beet greens: 2.5–6.4 mg / 1 cup
Broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts: 1 – 1.8 mg / 1 cup
Tomato paste: 3.9 mg / ½ cup
Sun-dried tomatoes: 1.3–2.5 mg / ½ cup
Potatoes: 3.2 mg / one large, unpeeled
Sweet potatoes: 2.1 mg / one large, unpeeled
Palm hearts: 4.6 mg / 1 cupOlives: 3.3 mg / 3.5 ounces
Mulberries: 2.6 mg / 1 cup
Amaranth: 5.2 mg / 1 cup 
Spelt: 3.2 mg / 1 cup
Oats:  3.4 mg / 1 cup
Quinoa: 2.8 mg / 1cup
Coconut milk: 3.8 mg / ½ cup
Blackstrap molasses: 1.8 mg / 2 tablespoons
Thyme: 1.2 mg / dried teaspoon…

Good to know: 100 grams of spinach contains 1.1 times more iron than the same amount of red meat and 2.2 times more than 100 grams of salmon.
This is also 3 times more than 100 grams of boiled eggs and 3.6 times more than the same amount of chicken.

Advice: To better absorb iron eat vitamin C-rich foods which may increase the absorption of iron by up 300%. Avoid coffee and tea which can reduce iron absorption by 50-90%. Consume lysine-rich foods like legumes and quinoa which may increase iron absorption as well.

 PROTEIN

Why do we need it? 

Protein is an important component of every cell in the body. Hair and nails are mostly made of protein. Our body uses protein to build and repair tissues. We also use protein to make enzymes, hormones, and other body chemicals. Protein is an important building block of bones, muscles, cartilage, skin, and blood.

How much of it do we need?

The protein RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) is 0.8 grams/kilogram (about 2.2 pounds) of body weight. So an average male would need 56 g per day, and an average female would need 46g per day.
But it also depends on physical conditions and if a person practices an exercise or not. It is always better to speak to a doctor or a nutritionist for better advice.

Where can we find calcium in a plant-based diet?  

Lentils: 9 grams/ ½ cup
Tofu: 10 grams/ 1 cup
Black beans: 8 grams / 1/2 cup
Quinoa: 8 grams / 1 cup
Amaranth: 7 grams / 1 cup
Soymilk: 8 grams / 1 cup
Green peas: 8 grams / 1 cup
Artichokes: 4 grams / 1/2 cup
Hempseeds: 13 grams/ 3 tablespoons
Oatmeal: 6 grams / 1 cup
Pumpkin seeds:  8 grams / 1/4 cup
Chia seeds: 5 grams / 2 tablespoons
Tempeh: 12 grams / 1 cup
Hemp milk: 5 grams / 1 cup
Edamame 8.5 grams / 1/2 cup
Spanish: 5 grams / 1 cup
Black-eyed peas: 8 grams / 1/2 cup
Broccoli: 4 grams / 1 cup
Asparagus: 4 grams / 1 cup
Green beans: 4 grams / 1/2 cup
Almonds: 7 grams / 1 cup
Almond butter: 7 grams / 2 tablespoons
Tahini: 8 grams /2 tablespoons
Nutritional yeast: 8 grams of protein / 2 tablespoons
Hummus: 6-8 grams / ½ cup
Peanut butter: 8 grams / 2 tablespoons…


Advice: We should try to eat enough protein daily, but we should also pay attention to the protein RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance). A diet “too” rich in protein, may cause our body to excrete more calcium. Too much protein has been linked to many health problems such as kidney stones, osteoporosis… 

3 BIBLE VERSES TO MEDITATE ONBefore sin “And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.” – Genesis 1:29 And just after Adam and Eve disobeyed God, He said: “Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field” – Genesis 3:18“He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth;” – Psalms 104:14The original diet was a plant-based diet constituted of fruits, nuts, and seeds, and later on, herbs (includes vegetables) were adding to our diet. God knew that sin will cause sickness and added herbs to our diet for our service.

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